Citizens band radio (also known as CB radio) is, in many countries, a system of short-distance radio communications between individuals on a selection of 40 channels within the 27- MHz (11 m) band. Citizens band is distinct from the FRS, GMRS, MURS, Amateur Radio Service. In many countries, CB operation does not require a license, and (unlike Amateur Radio) it may be used for business or personal communications. Like many other two-way radio services, Citizens band channels are shared by many users. Only one station may transmit at a time; other stations must listen and wait for the shared channel to be available.
A number of countries have created similar radio services, with varying technical standards and requirements for licensing. While they may be known by other names, such as the General Radio Service in Canada.
Using Citizens' Band radios CB radios is a unique hobby that enthusiasts all over the world enjoy. CB radio is a system of short-distance radio communications between individuals on a selection of 40 channels in a particular frequency range. There are several features that attract people to CB radios. It is a nostalgic pastime that harkens back to earlier days before e-mail, mobile phones, and online chatting. It also has a vocal element, adding a personal touch that is lacking from e-mail and texting. As there are a wide range of vintage models, many people enjoy collecting their favorites.
Whatever the reason that motivates people to get involved in CB radios, buying a vintage radio through can be convenient and affordable. With a little research, there is nothing holding back the curious hobbyist who wants to experience this unique pastime or the seasoned collector who is looking for just the right unit to complement his or her collection.
Below is a short FAQ that answers some of the most common questions
DO I NEED A LICENSE TO OPERATE A CB? - No, since the early 1980's, the FCC stopped requiring licenses for USA CB radio use. However, users must still abide by all the FCC rules regarding the CB Band.
WHAT DOES TALKBACK FEATURE MEAN-
If your CB has TalkBack, this is a feature that lets you hear or Monitor yourself thru the CB Radio's speaker while you are transmitting. It can be useful to check the sound of power & Echo type mikes. If turned up too high, you will get a feedback squeel, however. There are also external TalkBack Speakers that can give some CB's this feature when this type external speaker is plugged in.
WHAT IS THE RANGE? - The range for a mobile CB Radio could be anywhere from 1 or 2 miles, to even 20 to 25 Miles or more, depending on the terrain, type of antennas used, & other factors. The typical range to expect from a mobile CB, with a good antenna, is about 2 to 5 miles, but you will actually get both more & less than this, in certian areas & terrain, & as you drive around. Home Base Station CB setups, with larger building roof mounted Base antennas, will usually give more range than the ground level mobile units do, & the small handheld "walkie-Talkie styles will usually give much less.
WHAT DO THE RF & MIKE GAIN CONTROLS DO? - The Mike Gain (also called DynaMike" & XTRATALK on some CB's), is your microphone's transmit volume control, & can be lowered to reduce backround noise, or if your voice is really loud. The RF Gain control can be thought of as a Receive Distance Control, & by turning it down, you can reduce the radio's sensitvity to distant chatter, noise & signals that are too weak to reach. The Better CB's will usually have both of these controls.
IS THERE A CB MADE WITH A BUILT-IN POLICE RADIO SCANNER or FRS TRANCEIVER? - No. Some Scanners will receive the 40 CB channels, but none will transmit. There are no FCC approved CB's with other Radio services built into them either, such as CB plus FRS, Marine or Ham bands.
The following specs are for the Handic 423